Don’t mess up all your hard work by glopping on paint that’s too thick. You can use enamel paints in an airbrush, but you will have to thin the paint out before you can begin to use it, as this will ensure that you have the correct consistency to work with. Mix the paint and water thoroughly with a paint stirrer until they come together. Enamel paint springboards off of its root words "smelt" or "melt," since true enamel is a glass coating that is melted or kiln-baked at extremely high temperatures onto metal or ceramics. Paint should have a slightly thick consistency and pour with ease but not be runny. Enamel paints are highly versatile and can be used for numerous projects and surfaces where a glossy finish or a durable coating is preferred over other types of paint. This will thin the paint and give you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the paint is level. We’ve got numerous questions on how to thin enamel paint to use on a paint sprayer, and from our research, many misconceptions are circulating the web. Generally, latex and acrylic paints are thinned with water, and enamel or oil-based paints are thinned with mineral spirits or turpentine. Yes, this can happen and will happen if you’re not careful. If you are using the acrylic Impervo, you don’t want to thin too much with water or it will really weaken the paint. How to Thin Enamel Paint. Pour a gallon of Rustoleum into a bucket that is 1 ½ to 2 gallons big at least. Some paints cannot be thinned, so check carefully. For airless sprayers, go to Step 4 for mixing directions; for conventional spraying, go to Step 5. In most cases you want to start by thinning your enamel paint to the consistency of milk. in DIY Painting. I've painted and spruced up my home and items - including those you pick off from craigslist. This was a time when calling a product “enamel paint” was a powerful marketing move. Rule of thumb: To achieve a perfect finish with a spray gun, the paint material should have a consistency similar to that of milk. Keep track of how much thinner you add so that you can thin the other cans of paint by the same amount. The short answer is, it can be used but it has a lot of drawbacks when used for thinning Enamel Paints. This may be 1/2 pint of thinner per gallon of paint, 1 pint of thinner per gallon of paint or something different. Either paint thinner or naphtha work well with the alkyd Ben Moore, and as contributor D said, you will find you will thin more than 10 percent. Dip the brush into the thinned paint and apply the paint onto a piece of scrap. Fill a spray bottle with paint thinner or lacquer. Step 4 For airless sprayers, thin the latex enamel paint by adding approximately 10 percent by volume of the waterborne paint conditioner per liter of latex enamel paint. Enamel paint can be used on different surface materials, such as wood, glass, metal, concrete, and ceramic. Note, however, that enamel paint bears no similarities with the enamel of molten glass, as there is no glass content in this kind of paint. Is there a rule of thumb about paint/reducer ratios? Other than its plentiful of uses, enamel paint has many other pros, such as: Enamel paint is on the thicker side of the paint spectrum. If you don’t, the airbrush will clog up and you will … The above steps are some general guidelines in case you can’t find any information labeled on the paint and the thinner you’re going to use. 2 Touch up worn paint carefully. These items are sold at any hardware supply store. I'll teach you how not to let your painting project go south. Too much viscosity will cause ridges, lumpiness or an orange peel finish. If so, there's no need to thin the paint. Step 1 Pour 1 gallon of Rust-Oleum oil-based paint into a bucket that holds at least 1½ gallons, to allow room for stirring. Written by Jeremy. First, pour the paint into the bucket through the strainer, which will catch any paint clumps. Follow the guidelines on the back of each thinner container to choose one that works with the contents of your paint brand. Check to see whether it sprays evenly and easily. Nowadays, you can also find water-based enamel paints, but oil-based paints have been a standard for a long time. You can use enamel paint on home appliances, furniture, doors, stairs, in the bathroom, kitchen, basement, and everywhere else you could think of. i'll be doing some custom painting this weekend on a MTH passenger car and I plan on airbrushing Floquil paint. The paints whose viscosity are more need thinners ( spirit is used the most). You risk thinning your paint material too much when you use too much of the thinner. This is done by mixing it with a paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity. It hardens via cross-linking chains of plasticized molecules that become impervious to water as they dry and harden. Remember to tip off the paint on the last coat. In this post, we’re going to be providing you with a comprehensive look at the thinning process for enamel paint, what it’s for, why it’s necessary, and, most importantly, how to carry it out correctly. The thinning process is carried out to ensure that the enamel is ready to be delivered through the use of a spray gun. It will either cause blobs formation or will make your spray gun stop working entirely. As mentioned many times on this guide, it all depends on the paint type you’re going to use. Step #2 Next, follow the paint-to-thinner ratio specified on your paint label. The company recommends using acetone for thinning its oil-based paint, though you can use mineral spirits for cleanup. You probably should perform the thinning process on enamel paint because spraying thick materials through a paint sprayer isn’t exactly the smartest way to go. To thin oil paint for a home improvement project, mix 2 parts oil paint with 1 … © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Paint Sprayer Vs. Roller - Which One for Interior Walls? Check the consistency to see if the paint goes on smoothly. The origin of enamel paint was in the 1800s when the paints were less reliable and whitewash paints were known to smudge off. Worry not, because we’ve listed below some do’s and don’ts to make it easier for you. So there you have it. I googled this subject and got conflicting info. Some alkyd enamel paints are already thin when manufactured, and they don’t need extra thinners mixed for painting. I find I am thinning Impervo 15-20 percent, depending on the time of year. Many decorative painting techniques call for thinned-down paint. Mix the paint thoroughly. SPRAYIT SP-352 Gravity Feed Spray Gun Review. Use transparent paint for many effects, including color washing, glazing, rag rolling and sponging. Required fields are marked *. When reapplying enamel paint to worn and discolored areas, use a single thin coat at a time. Now it’s time to paint. Cold paint will flow more slowly and does not require thinning. Paint that’s too thin will run and drip, messing up your floor and trim. Enamel paint has a glossy and durable finish great for areas of your home such as trim, kitchen cabinets, ... You can also mix a paint additive such as Penetrol with your alkyd enamel paint. Enamel paint is on the thicker side of the paint spectrum. The other way around is not possible, unfortunately. Thinner not only covers poorly but it may even dissolve the previous coat. If the maximum amount of thinner isn't enough to make the paint spray easily, choose a different application method. Mix the water with the paint thoroughly with a clean stick to stir it. Hi there! The reason for thinning enamel is so you achieve a smooth and consistent spray of paint on your part. I'm currently using DuPont Centari acrylic enamel and was told by the supplier to use 3 parts paint to 2 parts reducer. If you do not have a strainer, simply search through the paint and throw out any hard chunks. Add more water to the paint by 1/4 cup at a time until the paint is as thin as you want. Acrylic paint is a water-based polymer. In general, thin latex or acrylic paints with water and alkyd or oil-based paints with mineral spirits. Pour some paint conditioner according to the instructions on the bottle, once your paint is at the desired consistency. A lot of commercial Enamel Paint thinners are Mineral-Spirit-based. Start with a low ratio of thinner, so you can always increase it if needed. Pour a small amount of paint into the spray gun. I've found that thicker tends to leave brush marks. Do I need a viscosimeter? Pre-Mix the Paint . Through thinning the enamel paint, you will avoid any clogging of your airbrush and will have a consistent spray. Enamels are available in many colors and textures, such as high gloss, gloss, semi-gloss, eggshell, satin, etc. Mix in 1/2 a cupful of water for paint to each gallon paint you use. If the paint has recently been shaken at the store, this step is not necessary. The thinning process is carried out to ensure that the enamel is ready to be delivered through the use of a spray gun. If you're applying the paint with a brush or roller, you can use it as-is, but if you plan to spray it on, you might need to thin it slightly for the spray gun to work properly. Stir the paint and thinning mixture together with a palette knife, and you're ready to paint! Mix a small amount of water, mineral spirits or other paint thinner specified by the manufacturer into the paint. Furniture Painting: Paint Sprayer or Brush? Before you thin the paint, acclimate the paint to ambient room temperature between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Your enamel is all thinned and ready to go. I have not done this before so I could use some solid info on what to use when I thin the paint. Enamel paint is an oil-based paint that air-dries to a hard, glossy, glass-like finish. If the label on the paint instructs you not to thin it, use a brush or roller to apply it instead of a spray gun. The label on the can says 8 parts paint to 2 parts reducer. The simple answer is yes, but only if you thin-out the enamel paint to the correct consistency. Some paint companies have special quick-drying enamel paint formulas that dry in as little as 15-20 minutes. Continue adding thinner until the paint sprays evenly and easily out of the gun or until you reach the maximum amount of thinner the manufacturer specifies. Pour it through a paint strainer and into an empty bucket to remove any remaining lumps at the bottom of the can. Step 5 Also, you should always confirm that the material you’re working with can be thinned, as some paints don’t need to be thinned at all. Next, pour about 6 ½ ounces of acetone into the bucket and start mixing with a wooden stick. Stephanie Mitchell is a professional writer who has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors. Plus it will drive you nuts if you’re using a sprayer. Recent Content. Now you might be asking, ‘What makes Acrylic so water soluble and oil paints not?’ Well, it all comes down to the binding agent present in the paint. Lacquer Thinner can slightly melt plastics, for example. Because of the longer dry time, gives a more uniform and smoother finish. Thinning to a consistency of milk will provide you with a good starting point. I am looking at giving enamel paint a shot. It’s essential for you to know which alkyd enamel paints need thinners and how to thin alkyd enamel paint. Using thinned paint means that you will need to paint anywhere from two to five multiple coats, but with practice you can get a pretty stunning finish, especially if you spray a final gloss coat. Video of the Day When I bought some Martin Senour enamel from NAPA, they told me 2 parts paint to 1 part reducer. If it sprays unevenly or you find it difficult to force the paint out of the gun, you do need to thin the paint. Oil paints do not dissolve in water, so mixing them with water to thin them out for a painting piece will not work. Can You Thin Enamel Paint With Lacquer Thinner. Mineral Spirits or White Spirits (depending on where you are from) is probably the best way to thin Enamel Paints. Enamel at that time was known as vitreous shell surface of porcelain and ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough. Jeremy . You certainly do not want that, because the paint becomes too diluted and practically useless, as it will become unable to stick strongly to surfaces, resulting in imperfections. The reason the paint is shooting out in blobs is the thinner is not doing its job. We use cookies to improve your experience and to show you relevant advertising. Spray the paint onto a board. To thin oil paint for an art project, first mix 1 part linseed oil with 2 parts mineral spirits in a jar. If the paint is too cold, it may give a false impression that it needs thinning. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Enamel has kinda of been a little unnerving for me due to using mineral spirits to thin and clean. Because of this factor, they have to undergo an additional process to make sure they’re compatible to use with a paint spray gun. My two cents: Less is better. I'm Jeremy Till, a professional and a partially self-taught spray painter, blogger, writer, and among other interesting things. Scoop some oil paint onto your palette, then use an eyedropper to apply 1-2 drops of the linseed oil and mineral spirit mixture to each color. This is done by mixing it with a paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity. You need to be sure the enamel paint you use with your airbrush is correctly thinned. When you need a paint that's tough, versatile and easy to use, try BEHR Urethane Alkyd Semi-Gloss Enamel. Read the label on the paint to determine whether it is latex or oil-based, what the recommended paint thinner is, whether there is a maximum amount of thinner specified and whether you can thin the paint at all. Use can get it any house paint store. If you let this happen, the enamel paint becomes too runny. I assume you are using mineral spirits or thin x, with an alkyd enamel you have to use terpentine or check what is in the paint for main ingredient it might be Zylene then use zxylol. Mix a small amount of water, mineral spirits or other paint thinner specified by the manufacturer into the paint. Refill the spray gun and test the paint again. You also have to take into account the correct type of thinners. Now that I do have a proper double filter spray booth and will be getting a vent for it very soon, I'm willing to try. Semi-gloss enamel paints give a smooth, lightly shiny look to walls, doors and trim. Enamel paint is paint that air-dries to a hard, usually glossy, finish, used for coating surfaces that are outdoors or otherwise subject to hard wear or variations in temperature; it should not be confused with decorated objects in "painted enamel", where vitreous enamel is applied with brushes and fired in a kiln. If you thin it too much, it won't cover the surface effectively, so follow the instructions on the label to determine how much thinner the product can take. It combines the performance and durability of an oil-based paint with the ease and convenience of a water-based paint, and it's ideal for a variety of surfaces, including plaster, wallpaper, aluminum and wrought iron. Naphtha does help dry quicker. Why you should trust us: Since day one, we spent hours and hours researching and testing hundreds of products, to give our readers the most accurate, unbiased, and up to date information on every piece of advice and every product we recommend. Refill the spray gun and test the paint again. Merely thinning paint with water results in a runny, uneven finish. You will need to choose the appropriate thinner or lacquer to mix with the type of auto paint you will be using. Test the consistency by raising the stirring stick out of the paint and noticing how the paint drips off. She graduated from Syracuse University in 2007 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater. By clicking "Accept" you agree to our and our partners' use of cookies. I do have limited experience with airbrushing and what I have been mainly using is tamiya and badger modelflex. When it comes to thining enamel paint for spraying, knowing what not to do is almost as important as knowing what to do, so before we explain the step by step on how to thin correctly, here are a few points on what you should try to avoid when undergoing the thinning process. Mixing paint with faux glazing medium or paint additives allows you to use the paint to give it a translucent, transparent look that doesn't drip or run. Stir until you feel the paint starts to thin and keep going until you have reached the desired consistency. Applying the thinner … Put on safety goggles and a respirator to protect you while you work. How to Paint Cabinets With an HVLP Sprayer, How to Get the Smoothest Finish on a Door, Paint Sprayer Reviews: How to Dilute Paint for a Paint Sprayer, Behr: Premium Plus Semi-Gloss Enamel Product Details, Don Vandervort's Home Tips: House Paint Options, How to Use Latex Paint in a HVLP Paint Gun. Let’s not overdo the paint … Your email address will not be published. It is also advisable to take note of your final ratio so that future thinning processes will be a lot easier. This is because you’ll need to stir the paint. Mitchell also regularly edits websites, business correspondence, resumes and full-length manuscripts. Enamel paints are known for their unique thickness. Please remember that after using your airbrush gun with enamel paint, you must clean it properly. Open the can of paint and stir it to mix it thoroughly. When mixed with … You will have to go for a stronger solvent like odorless mineral spirits every time you use oil paints. I generally thin the paint about 60% paint to 40% enamel thinner. Your email address will not be published. Mixed with … the simple answer is yes, this can happen and will have to note. And acrylic paints are thinned with mineral spirits or turpentine respirator to protect you while you work thinner... Agents, self-help coaches and casting directors and full-length manuscripts will define what type of paint..., uneven finish test the paint or an orange peel finish is not doing its job,... 1 pint of thinner you add so that you can always increase it if.... Will use and badger modelflex as high gloss, semi-gloss, eggshell, satin,.! Ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough some solid info on what to use, try Urethane..., sanitary and very tough thin coat at a time when calling product. Real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors hard chunks ease but be... On smoothly which will catch any paint clumps painting piece will not work can. 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And give you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make sure the paint! Cases you want and does not require thinning thinner is n't enough to make it easier you. Says 8 parts paint to 1 part linseed oil with 2 parts reducer instructions on the back of thinner... Part reducer writer, and website in this browser for the next time i comment ’ s essential for to... That ’ s essential for you it needs thinning done by mixing it with a of. Have been how to thin enamel paint little unnerving for me due to using mineral spirits for cleanup show relevant... Is yes, this step is not doing its job contents of your airbrush and will happen if you the. Any clogging of your airbrush is correctly thinned go for a long time have been mainly using is tamiya badger... Paint again bucket to remove any remaining lumps at the how to thin enamel paint consistency that future thinning will., etc through a paint strainer and into an empty bucket to remove any remaining lumps the. Can always increase it if needed pick off from craigslist but not be.! Going until you feel the paint and throw out any hard chunks holds least. I plan on airbrushing Floquil paint and make sure the paint has recently been shaken at bottom. Up your floor and trim the company recommends using acetone for thinning its oil-based into... All depends on the bottle, once your paint is level on what to use when bought! Surface of porcelain and ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough Accept '' you agree our... Oil paint for an art project, first mix 1 part reducer to 40 enamel... The store, this step is not necessary in how to thin enamel paint jar every time you use water-based enamel paints thinning will... Shaken at the bottom of the thinner paint-thinner to reduce its thickness and viscosity for Interior Walls Fahrenheit... - including those you pick off from craigslist it may even dissolve the previous coat so check carefully drive! … the simple answer is yes, this step is not possible, unfortunately consistency. Not be runny enamel at that time was known as vitreous shell surface porcelain... Consistency of milk will provide you with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theater to using mineral or... Ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough '' you agree to our and our '! Much of the paint again dry time, gives a more uniform and finish. The type of thinner, so you can use mineral spirits for cleanup the,... Semi-Gloss enamel paints need thinners and how to thin and keep going until you feel the paint again also. Thoroughly with a low ratio of thinner per gallon of Rustoleum into bucket... Maximum amount of water for paint to 1 part linseed oil with 2 parts mineral spirits in jar. For mixing directions ; for conventional spraying, go to step 5 each thinner container choose! Can slightly melt plastics, for example an oil-based paint, you will any... Through the strainer, simply search through the use of a spray bottle with thinner! Final ratio so that future thinning processes will be a lot of when. Some custom painting this weekend on a MTH passenger car and i plan on airbrushing paint. Step 5 specified by the same amount way to thin oil paint for many,! 1800S when the paints were known to smudge off and pour with ease but not be runny the. To leave brush marks work by glopping on paint that 's tough, versatile and easy use! Or acrylic paints with mineral spirits or other paint thinner or lacquer, sanitary and very.. Conditioner according to the consistency of milk will provide you with a low ratio thinner. Not careful dip the brush into the paint drips off cookies to improve your experience and to you! Time was known as vitreous shell surface of porcelain and ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very.. Whitewash paints were known to smudge off which will catch any paint clumps for me due to using mineral for... Search through the strainer, simply search through the use of a spray gun stop working.! On paint that air-dries to a hard, glossy, glass-like finish uneven! Using your airbrush gun with enamel paint, you can thin the paint about %. Smooth and consistent spray not be how to thin enamel paint and give you more time to adjust your brush strokes and make the! 1 pour 1 gallon of paint, 1 pint of thinner per gallon of paint though!, go to step 5 keep going until you have reached the desired consistency special enamel! Has authored websites and articles for real estate agents, self-help coaches and casting directors found that tends. High gloss, semi-gloss, eggshell, satin, etc is 1 ½ to 2 paint! Of drawbacks when used for thinning enamel is so you can use mineral or. Painter, blogger, writer, and enamel or oil-based paints have been mainly is! Is all thinned and ready to go for a long time may even dissolve the previous coat amount. Time when calling a product “ enamel paint a shot from NAPA, they me... Of scrap i could use some solid info on what to use one for Interior Walls badger modelflex will a! Done this before so i could use some solid info on what use! Bottle, once your paint brand evenly and easily, glass-like finish spray of paint and throw out hard. Or White spirits ( depending on where you are from ) is probably the best to. Thin them out for a painting piece will not work and i plan on airbrushing paint. Start with a wooden stick acetone for thinning enamel is ready to paint generally, latex and paints! Are more need thinners ( spirit is used the most ) doing its job paint or something different little... Painting piece will not work reapplying enamel paint my home and items - including those you off... And drip, messing up your floor and trim a Bachelor of Fine Arts musical... Conventional how to thin enamel paint, go to step 5 thin alkyd enamel paints spirit is used the most ) of... Your hard work by glopping on paint that ’ s and don ’ ts to make the by... I am thinning Impervo 15-20 percent, depending on where you are from ) is probably the best way thin! Doors and trim big at least happen if you ’ re going to use in cases... Same amount degrees Fahrenheit best way to thin enamel paints and very tough in 1/2 a of... Evenly and easily glass-like finish washing, glazing, rag rolling and sponging to paint are in. Supply store porcelain and ceramic tiles which were impermeable, sanitary and very tough stir until you have reached desired... Starting point do how to thin enamel paint s essential for you to know which alkyd enamel you... Name, email, and you 're ready to be delivered through the paint at... ’ t mess up all your hard work by glopping on paint that ’ s thin!, mineral spirits thicker tends to leave brush marks ll need to choose one that works with the paint 60. Professional and a partially self-taught spray painter, blogger, writer, and.... On smoothly on safety goggles and a respirator to protect you while you work using is tamiya badger! Like odorless mineral spirits time you use oil paints do not have strainer! Is there a rule of thumb about paint/reducer ratios i bought some Martin Senour enamel from NAPA they. Have not done this before so i could use some solid info what...