AU - Hirai, Yukihiro Land reclamation refers to the activity of building more land or adding land area to a small island (or islet) or reef, making it bigger and more habitable. In addition, the ministries have exercised power directly through the issuance of required licenses, permits and approvals that tightly regulate business activity. A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. increased turbidity, changes to benthos habitats and sediment structures (OSPAR 2008/2009a). Singapore’s first land reclamation exercise was carried out in 1822 on swampy grounds in the area known today as South Boat Quay. Northern Japan's well-developed infrastructure, highly skilled workers, and relatively low real estate costs, combined with municipal and regional government investment incentives, have prompted many U.S. companies to view Hokkaido and Tohoku as attractive locations for investment and overseas operations. impacts of land extension 3. Kansai International Airport is the only 24-hour airport operating in Japan. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. The number of tourists visiting Okinawa continues to grow steadily. 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation. The systems relating to port and harbor planning, reclamation, power plants and the Shinkansen (super-express train) were established later around 1980. How U.S. CDC missed chances to spot COVID-19's silent spread, ‘Indian Migrants in Tokyo’ sheds light on an overlooked community, Former SMAP stars test broadcast television’s relevance, China bill allowing coast guard to use weapons puts Japan on notice, U.S. Senate confirms Lloyd Austin in historic vote, installing first Black defense secretary, Episode 78: Japan's foreign residents are trapped — Part 3, Directory of who’s who in the world of business in Japan. Preliminary trade data released for the first half of 2008 indicates a more significant drop with U.S. imports dropping by 5.1 percent and Kansai exports dropping by 10.9 percent. Steps in Land Reclamation. Once a project is approved, as part of the land management and reclamation plan, soil (sometimes including muskeg or peat) is removed and stored for use when the site is reclaimed. It has been shown that, in some cases, reclamation of land can lead to deterioration of the aquatic environment in the sea. Not one of the religions is dominant, and each is affected by the others. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. There are two types of land reclamation … Proctor and Gamble, among other large consumer goods companies, consider the area an ideal place for product testing and market acceptability studies. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. Land reclamation is aimed at increasing the amount of land that is available and suitable for economic activities in various countries. For U.S. firms, the major advantages of establishing a presence in Tokyo, despite the high cost of residential and office space, are the city's concentration of major companies and high-income consumers, proximity to the powerful central government regulatory agencies, and location at the hub of Japan’s highly centralized transportation networks, including its two busiest airports: Narita and Haneda. In this study, soil and hydrological properties in an upland field catchment, which was reclaimed partially from a forest catchment, were compared with another forest catchment. Through land reclamation, an area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction. Originating as a fourteenth-century settlement along a small peat river, Rotterdam eventually grew into Europe’s largest seaport. Mynepalli Kameswara Chandra Sridhar, Godson Rowland Ewa Ekpenyong Ana, Temitope Ayodeji Laniyan, Impact of Sand Mining and Sea Reclamation on the Environment and Socioeconomic Activities of Ikate and Ilubirin Coastal Low Income Communities in Lagos Metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria, Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 10.4236/gep.2019.72013, 07, 02, (190-205), (2019). Supported by well-developed infrastructure and advanced technology, the region is home to many world-class Japanese manufacturers such as Toyota, machine tool giant Yamazaki Mazak, power tool makers Okuma and Makita, office automation producer Brother Industries, and diversified conglomerates including Honda, Yamaha, and Suzuki. Two artificial islands built in 1973, located south of Odaiba, called Chuo bohatei ("central breakwater"), will be enlarged and landscaped for … It is Japan's undisputed center of government, business, higher education, information, media, fashion, and culture. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill , is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake. With a population of 1.3 million, Fukuoka City is the economic, educational, and cultural center of Kyushu. Under the present legal system, environmental impacts are usually assessed on condition that reclamation plans are given clearly. The value of Japan’s agricultural production has been falling since the mid-1980s, with key sectors seeing decreasing production in most years. These prefectures comprise Japan's agricultural heartland, with dairy production and farming in Hokkaido and highly prized rice growing in Akita and Miyagi. Authors: Marloes van Ginkel | Theo N. Olsthoorn. This innovative spirit has created some of the world’s most profitable companies, with nine Kansai companies included in Fortune’s recent list of the world’s highest-earning corporations. Japan eventually emerged from the post-bubble “lost decade” of the 1990s and enjoyed its longest period of sustained, albeit modest, economic growth in the post-war era. Although impact magnitude depends on reclamation scales, the economic and geographic backgrounds of reclamation scales have been rarely analyzed. In order to exploit the steadily increasing numbers of tourists visiting Okinawa, foreign and domestic companies from outside Okinawa have begun taking an active interest in investing in the island’s tourism industry. Located about halfway between Tokyo and the southern tip of Honshu, Japan’s largest island, it is the birthplace of many of the country’s largest trading companies’ and headquarters to a number of Japan’s leading corporations including Nintendo, Kyocera, Sharp and Panasonic. In addition, a stringent system of regulation for agrochemical residues including strict inspection of imported foods and a time-consuming approval process for biotechnology products also hinder trade in agricultural products. Socio-economic and even political considerations often become extremely important in accentuating the problems of land degradation through salinization, sodication and related processes. The Commercial Service office in Sapporo covers four of the six prefectures in northern Honshu: Aomori, Akita, Iwate, and Miyagi (in addition to Hokkaido). The reach of the bureaucracy has also been extended through a dense nexus of close relations with leading business organizations. At least legally, farming became the basis of landholding. The project has brought stinging criticism from the international community, including the United States, which has raised concerns about the construction’s effect on regional stability. 1,281 Agents, Distributors and Service Providers in Japan. the creation of new islands), the process to reclaim land was made especially stringent, requiring the purpose of reclaimed land to be of pivotal national benefit and in the national interest, with the Its members come from more than 1,200 companies, and its 60- plus committees and sub-committees are highly visible lobbyists for U.S. business interests. Our reclamation sand is suitable for many land reclamation, building and construction projects that are currently underway and for future projects throughout Japan. This is the topic of one of my term papers in Spring 2018 semester. The January 28, 2009, IMF World Economic Outlook Update forecasts that Japan’s GDP will shrink 2.6 percent in calendar year 2009 and recover to positive 0.6 percent in calendar year 2010. There are several impacts that land reclamation has had on coastal ecosystems: 1. In 2001, the bureaucracy was reorganized from 22 ministries and agencies to 13. - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources © 2014. The region accounts for about 2 percent of the world’s GDP, 18 percent of Japan's GDP (roughly equivalent in size to the economy of India, Brazil or South Korea), and more than half of Japan's total trade surplus with the United States. Japan’s capital city Tokyo (population 12.6 million) forms the core of an urban area that, along with the suburban prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba, boasts a total population of over 34 million, roughly equivalent to the New York and Los Angeles metropolitan areas combined. Through such measures and other administrative reforms, the bureaucracy's influence over the economy has diminished but by no means been eliminated completely. Political and Economic Environment in Japan. Dec. 30, 2020. Japan (110 square miles) Japan has reclaimed about 96 square miles from Tokyo Bay, which now serves as land that is home to its largest industrial park. The soil properties of surface and … Land reclamation is most simply done by adding material such as rocks, soil and cement to an area of water; alternatively submerged wetlands or similar biomes can be drained. What is worthy of attention in this research project is the knowledge that land reclamation … In post-war Japan, land reclamation has been carried out nationwide with relative ease. Data released for the first half of 2008 showed continued strength in private capital investment in the Kansai region. In this regard, this session reviewed various dimensions of land reclamation: history and current status, political economic drivers of land reclamation, the importance of preserving wetlands as migratory Blog. Bangladesh, being the world's eighth most populous country, truly needs more land for its burgeoning population. However, access issues still hamper farm trade due to high tariffs on processed food products, restrictive plant quarantine measures on fruits and vegetables, trade-limiting quotas and complicated labeling practices. The region’s superb transportation, communication and infrastructure links are supported by a progressive, entrepreneurial business climate. Okinawa Prefecture has a population of 1.38 million and a Gross Prefectural Product of approximately $37.3 billion (¥3.92 trillion/$1=¥105). The program will shift responsibility for production planning from MAFF to farm co-ops, increase subsidies to large farmers, and open domestic rice distribution to more players. Japan's central government has begun full-scale land reclamation work in order to relocate a US military base to Henoko in Okinawa despite local protests. In addition, Okinawa has established a separate Information and Communications Industry Promotion Zone and a Financial Businesses Promotion Zone that offer similar benefits and include subsidies to promote the employment of Okinawan youth and support measures to reduce the cost of domestic and overseas communications. Given that land reclamation tiptoes the line between earth and sea, disputes over sovereignty keep lawyers of both very busy indeed. Japan's reservoir of industrial leadership and technicians, well-educated and industrious work force, high savings and investment rates, and intensive promotion of industrial development and foreign trade produced a mature industrial economy. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. However, it’s highly controversial because of the impact it would have on the surrounding environment. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. The new scheme began in 2007. Tokyo reports 393 new cases of … Reflecting the deepening economic crisis in late 2008, however, major digital appliance manufacturers such as Kansai-based Sharp and Panasonic announced steps to decrease production and reduce spending. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. The Japan Times LTD. All rights reserved. In 2007, northern Japan's direct imports from the United States totaled approximately $2.1 billion. Growing economic ties with the Russian Far East and the prospect of future development in Russia's oil and gas sector have led to regular commercial flights between Hokkaido and Sakhalin. Aichi Prefecture (capital: Nagoya) is the political, economic, and transportation center of the region. However you can access more content related to Business Environment in Japan in our Despite the economic downturn, good prospects exist for U.S. firms in alternative energy consumer goods, automotive parts (particularly ones focusing on electric or hybrid vehicles), motorcycle, aerospace, manufacturing equipment and systems, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), environmental remediation, and business aviation. Vol.19, pp.683-692. Most of the region's population and industry is concentrated along the Pacific coast, in the three-prefecture Tokai area – Aichi, Gifu, and Mie – plus Shizuoka. Kobe, Japan Land reclamation What is Reclamation of land What is Reclamation of land What is Reclamation of land what is reclamation of land what is reclamation of land Land reclamation also known as land fill (not to be confused with landfill) is the process of creating new land Kansai is the name given to the nine-prefecture region of western-central Japan, consisting of Osaka, Hyogo, Kyoto, Shiga, Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Fukui, and Tokushima. There are also efforts underway to create a gaming industry in Okinawa. Working closely with the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) and other local multipliers, CS Osaka helps promote U.S. products, services and tourism through the organization of targeted events, U.S. Pavilions at trade fairs, market research, business counseling, networking, partnership searches, key introductions, and advocacy. Kansai consumers, who have a reputation for being demanding, have also helped make the region a key test market for new products in Japan. Kansai’s regional rail network includes an extensive metro and bullet train service that connects Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto to major cities in Japan. Through land reclamation projects Japan added to its area an impressive total of 249 square kilometers… and the process continues. The U.S. Commercial Service Osaka-Kobe provides an extensive array of products and services designed to help U.S. companies capitalize on opportunities here. Some reclamation projects began as early as the 12th century, but it was post-WWII when the majority of land reclamation was undertaken. In some jurisdictions, including parts of the United States, the term "reclamation" can refer to returning disturbed … TY - JOUR. The following checklist which is not complete and does not cover all possible conditions may serve a useful purpose by indicating areas justifying attention: But its dynamism stems from a diversified economy that includes many high-tech industries. While Japan is still a competitive environment for U.S. food products due to the country’s recession, tough third-country competition, and food safety and food image concerns, long-term prospects are excellent for the following reasons: (1) growing consumer demand for value plays to U.S. strengths (U.S. foods typically cost less than local products); (2) Japanese agriculture continues to decline, leading to increased dependence on imports for stable food supplies; and (3) continued westernization of the Japanese diet away from fish and rice toward meats, dairy products and other U.S. staples. The social and political impact was more positive. Members of the National Diet, from whose ranks come most of Japan's Cabinet ministers, have small staffs and they rely on bureaucrats for policy initiatives and the drafting of legislation. More than $1.6 billion in additional U.S. imports to northern Japan also entered Japan through Tokyo, Yokohama and Osaka before being transshipped to their final destination in the north. Northern Japan's two main international airports — Chitose (Sapporo) and Sendai — have good passenger and cargo handling capacities and are eager to develop more international routes. The two largest sectors of the local economy are construction and tourism, areas in which U.S. companies excel. In 2007, Kansai exported $20.4 billion in goods and services to the United States and imported $9.2 billion during the period. ... Land reclamation can even affect sea currents in the region in subtle ways. Land reform - Land reform - Mexico: The Mexican reform of 1915 followed a revolution and dealt mainly with lands of Indian villages that had been illegally absorbed by neighbouring haciendas (plantations). In 2008, despite the worsening economic conditions, a record 6 million people visited the island. Japan’s economy entered recession, with real GDP contracting at a 1.1 percent seasonally adjusted annualized rate for the first three quarters of the year. Rice remains Japan’s major crop, but falling consumption has led to chronic surpluses. The impacts of land reclamation activities are … On Oct. 20, an Indonesian court overturned a lower court’s earlier ruling that Islet G developer PT Muara Wisesa Samudra (MWS) must halt land reclamation activities in … At the same time, the number of Diet members posted to senior positions in the ministries was increased from an average of two or three to five, to strengthen the control of elected officials over the bureaucracy. Japan’s ¥1.4 trillion aerospace sector, about half of which is based in Chubu, is led by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). “Japan’s real intentions are all too clear,” she said, “doubtlessly to find an excuse for its unprecedented adjustments to its security policies.”. For much of the post-war period, ministries also issued informal (but in practice, virtually compulsory) directives called "administrative guidance" to industries which they regulated further controlling business activity. Unfortunately this content has been depublished and is no longer available on Land reclamation can occur by either the process of poldering or by raising the level of a seabed or a low lying field. However, what is more important is that Governor Onaga determined that the approval of the permit given by his predecessor, Nakaima Hirokazu, was illegal to begin with. Such factors are often beyond the control of individual farmers and for this reason appropriate policy decisions and corrective measures become the responsibility of respective governments. Thus, the landlords were masters of the land and of the peons. Hence, properties of reclamation in port districts were investigated. The regional Commercial Service office in Nagoya covers nine prefectures: Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Mie, Nagano, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi. [1] In Sir Stamford Raffles’s original layout of Singapore town, he had reserved the north bank of the Singapore River for government use, and the beach front that stretched from the Esplanade to Rochor River for the European merchants. The most notable historic land reclamation sites in the OSPAR Maritime Area are the polders of the Netherlands. U.S. companies like Texas Instruments and Teradyne have facilities here. TYPES OF LAND RECLAMATION EMPOLDERING (within singapore) ADVANTAGES 10.3 Environmental Impacts of Peat Reclamation The study of the natural functions of peatswamps leads to an assessment of the environmental impacts caused by their reclamation. In addition, major urban renewal schemes completed or underway in metropolitan Tokyo have contributed to lower land and business costs in recent years. Land reclamation refers to the activity of building more land or adding land area to a small island (or islet) or reef, making it bigger and more habitable. With its long history of openness to foreign influences, the Fukuoka area has an established reputation as a useful test market for new consumer products, services, and retail concepts before they are expanded to wider areas of Japan. Japanese policy makers are concerned because Japan currently imports 60 percent of its food (on a calorie basis). There are examples of negative impacts, from land reclamation, upon environments in the Netherlands, North America [4], Bahrain [6], Singapore[7], Malaysia [8]and Hong Kong [9]. Negative effects of land reclamation Print. To achieve this, the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) encouraged farmers to grow wheat and soybeans in place of rice, and introduce more market-oriented pricing policies for dairy, vegetable, and livestock products. Thus, it is typical for one person or family to … However, in 2007, the Diet approved legislation that established restrictions on the types of post-retirement jobs former senior government officials can accept and centralized authority for finding such employment in the National Personnel Agency. Detailed land reclamation plans form part of a company’s application for approval of a project. In the last year and a half, China has added around 800 hectares to seven reefs in the area, creating a platform with the potential to host military installations, such as airstrips and radar towers. These two firms are continuing to build new factories but have begun to alter investment plans in Iight of the sudden drop in consumer demand. Northern Kyushu also boasts nearly 10 percent of Japan's automobile output, with Toyota, Nissan, and Daihatsu operating state-of-the-art final assembly facilities, and Honda has an advanced motorcycle plant in the region. In the course of implementing EIA under these systems, the need for an integrated system/standardized rule was recognized. Central Japan is the manufacturing heartland and export leader of Japan. The reason given is that Japan's land mass is insufficient for constructing needed farmland, factories, event halls, airfields, and other such facilities; or that there is a need to reinforce the relationship between such facilities and the ocean. The report also criticized China for its military spending, which it said is now 41 times higher than in fiscal 1989. then there’s the politics. Japan - Japan - Religion: The indigenous religion of Japan, Shintō, coexists with various sects of Buddhism, Christianity, and some ancient shamanistic practices, as well as a number of “new religions” (shinkō shukyō) that have emerged since the 19th century. U.S. companies are aided by the fact that, due to their history, Okinawans tend to be open to imported goods and are already familiar with many U.S. products. Resource which contains thousands of Industry Reports and Business Tips. Bundled-up Bernie: 'Anti-fashion' Sanders sparks inauguration meme storm, Tokyo court backs ban on Japanese holding dual nationality, Biden and Trump deliver vastly different messages. area is extended to increase agricultural land, make land available for industries or make ports larger.